MICA and MICB are ligands of the NKG2D receptor and thereby influence NK and T cell activity. MICA/B gene polymorphisms, expression levels and the amount of soluble MICA/B in the serum have been linked to autoimmune diseases, infections, and cancer. In hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, MICA matching between donor and patient has been correlated with reduced acute and chronic graft-vs.-host disease and improved survival. Hence, we developed an extremely cost-efficient high-throughput workflow for genotyping MICA/B for newly registered potential stem cell donors. Since mid-2017, we have genotyped over two million samples using NGS amplicon sequencing for MICA/B exons 2–5. In donors of German origin, MICA*008 is the most common MICA allele with a frequency of 42.3%. It is followed by MICA*002 (11.7%) and MICA*009 (8.8%). The three most common MICB alleles are MICB*005 (43.9%), MICB*004 (21.7%), and MICB*002 (18.9%). In general, MICB is less diverse than MICA and only 6 alleles, instead of 15, account for a cumulative allele frequency of 99.5%. In 0.5% of the samples we observed at least one allele of MICA or MICB which has so far not been reported to the IPD/IMGT-HLA database. By providing MICA/B typed voluntary donors, clinicians become empowered to include MICA/B into their donor selection process to further improve unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.